surrogate

[17] A surrogate is etymologically someone who has been ‘asked for’ to take the place of another. The word was borrowed from Latin surrogātus, a later form of subrogātus, the past participle of subrogāre ‘nominate an alternative candidate’. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix sub-, used here in the sense ‘instead of’, and rogāre ‘ask for, propose’ (source of English interrogate, prerogative, etc). => INTERROGATE, PREROGATIVE
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   In its sense of 'substitute' (as in a surrogate mother, who bears a child for another woman), the word has its origin in Latin surrogare, 'to substitute,' literally 'to ask in place of,' from sub, 'under' (in the sense of replacing), and rogare, 'to ask,' 'to propose the appointment of.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Surrogate — may refer to:Cultural relationships: * Surrogate pregnancy, an arrangement for a woman to carry and give birth to a child who will be raised by others * Sex surrogate, in sexual therapy * Surrogate marriage, a custom in African cultureIn the arts …   Wikipedia

  • surrogate — sur·ro·gate / sər ə gət/ n [Latin surrogatus, past participle of surrogare subrogare to substitute, from sub in place of, under + rogare to ask] 1: one acting in the place of another; esp: one standing in loco parentis to a child 2 often cap: the …   Law dictionary

  • Surrogate — Sur ro*gate, n. [L. surrogatus, p. p. of surrogare, subrogare, to put in another s place, to substitute; sub under + rogare to ask, ask for a vote, propose a law. See {Rogation}, and cf. {Subrogate}.] 1. A deputy; a delegate; a substitute. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surrogate — early 15c., from L. surrogatus, pp. of surrogare put in another s place, substitute, from sub in the place of, under + rogare to ask, propose (see ROGATION (Cf. rogation)). Meaning woman pregnant with the fertilized egg of another woman is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • surrogate — [sʉr′ə git, sʉr′əgāt΄; ] for v. [, sʉr′əgāt΄] n. [L surrogatus, pp. of surrogare, to elect in place of another, substitute < sub (see SUB ) + rogare, to ask: see ROGATION] 1. a deputy or substitute ☆ 2. in some states, probate court, or a… …   English World dictionary

  • Surrogate — Sur ro*gate, v. t. To put in the place of another; to substitute. [R.] Dr. H. More. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surrogate — *substitute, shift, makeshift, expedient, resource, resort, stopgap …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surrogate — [n] person or thing that acts as substitute agent, alternate, backup, delegate, deputy, expediency, expedient, fill in, makeshift, pinch hitter*, proxy, recourse, refuge, replacement, representative, resort, resource, stand in, stopgap*, sub*;… …   New thesaurus

  • surrogate — ► NOUN 1) a substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a role or office. 2) (in the Christian Church) a bishop s deputy who grants marriage licences. DERIVATIVES surrogacy noun. ORIGIN from Latin surrogare elect as a substitute …   English terms dictionary

  • surrogate — sur|ro|gate1 [ˈsʌrəgeıt, gıt US ˈsə:r ] adj [only before noun] a surrogate person or thing is one that takes the place of someone or something else ▪ William was acting as a surrogate father for his brother s son. surrogate 2 surrogate2 n [Date:… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • surrogate — [[t]sʌ̱rəgeɪt, AM sɜ͟ːr [/t]] surrogates ADJ: ADJ n You use surrogate to describe a person or thing that is given a particular role because the person or thing that should have the role is not available. Martin had become Howard Cosell s… …   English dictionary

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